Mainly environmental pollution and destruction of the ecological environment. ①Severe soil erosion; ②Desertification is expanding rapidly; ③Grassland degradation is intensified; ④Forest resources are sharply reduced; ⑤Biological species are rapidly extinct; ⑥Groundwater level is falling; ⑦Water pollution is aggravated; ⑧Serious air pollution; ⑨Excessive solid waste storage , Garbage surrounds the city; ⑩ urban pollution spreads to the countryside
Population pressure constitutes the biggest threat to China's ecological environment. People are forced to survive, deforestation and land reclamation, farming around lakes, random logging and destruction of vegetation. China's industrialization started late, has a low starting point, and faces a situation of rapid development, which makes it easy for people to focus on immediate interests rather than long-term interests, focus on the economy and neglect the ecology, and trade the economy at the expense of the environment for temporary prosperity.
What is the situation facing our environment? How to solve environmental problems? ① As a whole, the deterioration of China's ecological environment has been initially curbed, and some areas have improved. However, the current environmental situation in China is still very grim and cannot be optimistic. ② We must urgently take effective measures to prevent environmental pollution and damage and take the road of sustainable development.
China understands this problem due to the severe environmental situation, and we should pay attention to two points: Correctly understand China's resource issues. The total amount of natural resources is large and there are many types, but the per capita possession is small and the development is difficult. This is another basic national situation in China. Specifically, China has a large total natural resources and complete types. From this aspect, China is undoubtedly "Large land and great resources" is the advantage of China's natural resources, and it is also a pride for the Chinese people. However, due to China's large population base, the per capita resource occupancy is much lower than the world average, which is another disadvantage of China's natural resources. The "large total" and "small per capita possession" form a strong contrast, coupled with the imbalance in the distribution of natural resources, restrictions on climate and geographical conditions, and the unreasonable and scientific use of all resources over the years, causing huge losses and waste of resources, In the primary stage of socialism, we will face a severe shortage of resources for a long time. Therefore, how to develop, utilize and effectively protect resources has become a major issue in modernization. We must attach importance to environmental issues and adhere to the strategy of sustainable development.
2. We must attach importance to environmental issues and adhere to the strategy of sustainable development. (1) On the whole, the deterioration of China's ecological environment has been initially contained, and some areas have improved. However, the current environmental situation in China is still very grim and cannot be optimistic. The environmental problems facing China are as follows: severe soil erosion; rapid desertification; increased grassland degradation; sharp decline in forest resources; accelerated extinction of biological species; reduced groundwater levels; serious pollution of water bodies; excessive storage of solid waste and surrounding cities with garbage; Environmental pollution has spread to the countryside. (2) The factors that cause environmental problems are many, and the pressure from the population constitutes the biggest threat to China's ecological environment. In addition, China's industrialization starts late and has a low starting point, and it is easy to focus on the situation of rapid development. Immediate interests ignore the long-term interests, focus on the economy and neglect the ecology, in exchange for the temporary prosperity of the economy at the expense of the environment. (3) According to the above-mentioned state of the environment in China, it is urgent to take effective measures to prevent and control environmental pollution and damage and take the road of sustainable development. In other words, the relationship between economic construction and population, resources, and the environment should be properly handled, controlling population growth, saving resources, and protecting the environment into economic and social development strategies to achieve long-term sustainable economic and social development.